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catti一级笔译汉译英训练题

作者:lzg     文章来源:国和网校    发布时间:2019-11-07    查看:

一级笔译汉译英训练题


【汉译英】

  1、如果让电脑来设计一个完美的联合国秘书长,他/她应该是这样的:出生在非洲;在欧洲和美国接受教育;在联合国工作十年以上;配偶是欧洲人;出现混乱局面时能保持冷静、富有领导魅力的权威人士。

1996年联合国找到了这样一个人来恢复它的方向感和目的性,这简直就是个奇迹。联合国在波斯尼亚、索马里和卢旺达的行动失败后,科菲.安南却脱颖而出。身为国际公务员的他对参与了这一系列的空难性行动,幸存下来,并且从中学到很多东西。

现在,安南的第二任期已过一半。然而,他的任务还没有圆满完成,联合国离其理想状态还很远。但安南已经体验到了他这份工作的局限性——因为联合国体制对他的限制,他不能利用言语力量,然而他却比他的前任们积累了更多的权威性。

他与美国政府的复杂关系鲜为人知,当安南在公众面前的表现不能取悦布什政府的时候,美国就会攻击他。反过来,当美国政府官员发现他们的政策在伊拉克举步维艰的时候,他们却向联合国寻求帮助。有些观察家建议安南不要帮助美国摆脱困境,但是安南明白,自己最大责任是促成伊拉克局势的稳定。他开始朝6月30号这个决定性的日子努力,美国将会在这天向伊拉克政府移交政权,这将千万动荡局面。不管是安南瓦还是其他任何人,在伊拉克问题上的成功与否都不会取决于他个人的控制能力。但是,安南注定要处理这些棘手的问题,而这些问题是由别人的失败造成的。所有熟悉安南的人都知道他将带着他一贯的勇气、自我控制能力、谦恭和乐观来介入这一难题。 

  

   2、故事的详情围绕在1954年六月29日出生于密西西比,科修斯科山的一个女婴。那时,对于像 Oprah Winfrey (奥普来.温弗里)这样日常开销负担特别繁重的单亲家庭来说,她的出身并不是那么让人期待。她所在的国家,已经有适当的法律等候着将她列为不受欢迎的对象,阻击她参加其它合理的社交活动,让她背负上了奴隶制度剩余产物的枷锁,还有以往其它一些不公平的待遇。简单的事实就是她的祖母、曾祖母以及更早的一代之前,在政府纵恿的种族镇压法令下,从未经历过一天生命的自由。

之后的迹象表明,她的出生似乎平淡无奇。但是,在她三年的时候,便开始在教堂的讲道坛背诵演说,在发现了书籍的之后,她便钻研上面写过的句子,每周向她的父亲作一次书籍汇报。即使在那个动荡不安的年代,也从不浪费一刻功夫。种子正在播种灌溉。在1964年4月13日,她已成长为一个青少年,在她母亲那间无电梯的公寓的油布地毯上,电视里的一些东西深深地触动了她。那时她正在看奥斯卡奖项的现场直播,一位年青的美国黑人演员被授予了电影行业中的最高荣誉。在分享那个神圣的时刻之后,她告诉了我所有这一切都在暗暗地促使她轻声地告诉自己“他能做到,难道我就做不到吗?”

道路已经被铺平了,Oprah Winfrey 开始了她的旅程。从婴儿到小孩、到青少年、再到年轻女士——万事俱备,使得她在服务于自然界与人类家庭上迸发出一种惊人的能力。从1954年起,毫无疑问,世界已经以一种积极的方式发生着改变。Oprah和她的脱口秀是其中的很多改变动力。她影响深远的脱口秀、对非洲乃至其它地方的小孩博爱举动、广受欢迎的书籍杂志俱乐部、激动人心的演说辞、以身作则为改善种族关系所作的贡献。这一切都讲给人类家庭,触动了他们的内心,每个人都深受鼓舞。

密西西比也受到了潮流的影响,比1954年看起来适意得多。其中的部分也许同样归功于Oprah Winfrey的非常独特的精神力量——一个勇敢、有趣、富有同情心、见识广博、闪耀着知识光芒的人,是我所知的人中最脚踏实地、让人钟爱的一个。


翻译资格训练题

【参考译文】

   1、If a computer were to design the perfect U.N. Secretary-General, he or she would look sonething like this: African born; European and American educated, with decades of service in the U.N. system; married to a European; and possessing a quiet charisma and calm authority as chaos arises.

That the U.N. in 1996 found such a person to restore its sense of direction and purpose was a near miracle. But out of the U.N.’s failures in Bosnia, Somalia and Rwanda came Kopi Annan, the career international civil servant who had participated in these disasters yet somehow survived and learned from them.

Today Annan is in the middle of his second term. His task is not finished, and the U.N. is still far from what it should be. But Annan has tested the limits of the job, accumulating more authority-one cannot use the word power, given the constraints the U.N. system places on him-than any of his predecessors.

His complex relationship with the U.S. government is little understood. When Annan takes positions in public that are displeasing to the bush administration, it unleashes its attack dogs. Yet when administration officials found their policies in Iraq floundering, they asked the U.N. for help. Some observers told Annan that he should responsibility was to the cause of stabilizing Iraq. He began to work toward the decisive date of June 30, when the u.s. will hand over control to Iraqi authorities and an uncertain situation will prevail determined by factors way beyond his, or anyone else’s, ability to control. But it is Annan’s destiny to be handed the very worst problems after they have been unsuccessfully addressed by others. Anyone who knows him knows he wades into such problems with his usual blend of courage, self-control, modesty and optimism. 

   2、The circumstances surrounding the birth of a female infant in Kosciusko, Mississippi, on Jan.29, 1954,were not promising present was the usual mix that had so often accumulated into a burden too heavy for a single-parent household like the one Oprah Winfrey grew up in. The state in which she was born had laws in place waiting to characterize her as unwelcome, to bar her participation in otherwise accebtable social activities, to shackle her to the residue of slavery and other injustices of the past. The simple truth is that her grandmother, her great-grandmother and all the great-great-grandmothers before them never experienced one day of life free from the harsh decrees of state-sponsored racial repression.

In hindsight, it appears that her birth was an uneventful one. But at age three she was reciting speeches from church pulpits. Upon discovering books, the child delved into the written word, turning out weekly book reports for her father. Even during turbulent times, not a moment was wasted. Seeds were being planted, watered, and nurtured. On April 13, 1964, nearly an adolescent and watching television from the linoleum floor of her mother’s walk-up flat in something deep inside of her. She was watching the live broadcast of the Academy Awards ceremony and saw a young African-American actor receiving the film industry’s highest honor. Sharing in that moment and all it implied she later told me, caused her to say softly to herself, “If he can do that, I wonder what I could do?”

The ground had been set. The journey of Oprah Winfrey had begun. The babe, the child, the adolescent, the young woman-all their strengths were harnessed into a force of astonishing power that placed itself in the service of nature and the human family. That the world has changed in meaningful ways since 1954 is beyond question. Oprah and her activities were driving forces in many of those changes. Her enormously influential talk show, her philanthropic work with children in africa and elsewhere, her popular book club and magazine, her empowering spiritual message, her contribution (by action and example) to improving race relations-all speak to the human family, touching hearts and leaving each one uplifted.

Mississippi too seems to be mellowing out into a more congenial place than it was in 1954. that may also be partly due to the very sbecial enerav that is Oprah Winfrey-a courageous, funny, compassionate, well-informed, dazzlingly curious person, as down-to-earth and loving as any human being I’ve ever known. 



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