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翻译资格考试高级口译模拟练习(二)

作者:lzg     文章来源:国和网校    发布时间:2019-11-06    查看:

英译中3

The three sacred words “duty”, “honor” and “country” reverently dictate what you should be, what you can be, and what you will be. They urge you to build courage when courage seems to fail, to regain faith when there seems to be little cause for faith, to create hope when hope becomes abandoned. I am convinced that these words teach you to be proud and unbending in honest failure, but humble and gentle in success; not to substitute words for action; not to seek the path of comfort, but to face the stress of difficulty and challenge; to learn to stand up in the storm, but to have compassion on those who fall; to have a heart that is clean, a goal that is high; to learn to laugh, yet never forget how to weep, to reach into the future, yet never neglect the past; to be serious, yet never take yourself too seriously; to be modest so that you will remember the simplicity of true greatness, the open mind of true wisdom, the meekness of true strength. In short, these words teach you to be both a militant fighter and a gentleman. 

英译中4

What a noble medium the English language is. It is not possible to write a page without experiencing positive pleasure at the richness and variety, the flexibility and the profoundness of our mother-tongue. If an English writer cannot say what he has to, say in English, and in simple English, it is probably not worth saying. What a pity that English is not more generally studied, I am not going to attack classical education. No one who has the slightest pretension to literary tastes can be insensible to its attraction. But I confess our present educational system excites in my mind grave misgivings, which I cannot believe is the best or even reasonable, a system that thrusts upon reluctant and uncomprehending multitudes treasures which can only be appreciated by the privileged and gifted few. To the vast majority of children who attend our public schools; classical education is from beginning to end long, useless and meaningless. If I am told that classical subjects are the best preparation for the study of English, I reply that by far this preparatory stage is incomplete and without deriving any of the benefits which are promised as its result. 

英译中5

A major source of anxiety about the future of the family is rooted not so much in reality as in the tension between the idealized expectation in the culture and the reality itself. Nostalgia for a lost family tradition, which, in fact, never existed, has prejudiced our understanding of the conditions of families in contemporary society. Thus, the current .anxiety over the fate of the family reflects not only problems in the family but also a variety of fears about other social problems that are eventually projected onto the family.

The real problem facing American families today are not symptoms of breakdown as is often suggested; rather, they reflect the difficulties of adaptation to recent social changes, particularly to the loss of diversity in household membership, to the reduction of the variety of family functions and, to some extent, to the weakening of the family adaptability. The idealization of the family as a refuge from the world and the myth that the work of mothers is harmful has added considerable strain. The continuous emphasis on the family as a universal private retreat and as an emotional haven is misguided in light of historical experience. 

翻译资格考试模拟题

参考答案:

中译英3

在一个极为漫长.的历史阶段中,人类只能通过音乐表演和口授来传播音乐。当人类发明了乐谱后,音乐便开始脱离表演而演变成“文字”得以记录和传播。然而,人类音乐传播的真正革命性里程碑的建立者无疑是科学家们。他们创造了令人叹为观止的音乐传播手段,从最早的机械“留声机”到今天五花八门的“电子媒体”。在20世纪诸多的音乐传播手段中,无线电广播的发明和发展对音乐的传播起了极为重要的作用。然而,高科技的高速发展也使我国广播音乐工作者在新世纪中面临着严峻的挑战。 

中译英4

我国政府强化了对外贸的控管,强化了商会这类中介机构的服务与协调功能。我们希望继续加强外贸体制的改革,使之逐渐走向竞争;并受到诸如关税、汇率和利率等法律和经济手段的制约。所有这些都应有助于加速中国外贸的国际化进程,为宏观经贸局面的形成创造一个较好的环境,通过促进商贸业、制造业、农业、技术产业和银行之间更为密切的合作,我们能够为国际市场提供更多、更好的出口产品。在这种情况下,中国自然会成为一个大市场。 

中译英5

十月的上海,阳光明媚,秋高气爽,来自35个国家和地区的1300余名比赛选手参加了在沪举行的本世纪最后一届世界中学生运动会。

世界各国青少年在沪逗留的时间虽然短暂,但上海的风貌和中国的传统文化仍然给他们留下了深刻的印象。无论是参观矗立于浦江之畔的东方明珠电视塔,还是游览静卧一隅的城隍庙,他们都能感受到传统与现代的美妙结合。博大精深的中国传统文化让这些外国朋友感受到的是神秘和新奇,这种认知来自短暂的接触,但从此之后,他们不会忘记;有这样一个民族,生活在世界的东方。 

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